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Avian influenza in Europe: update

On this page you can find information on the epidemiological situation and the provisions adopted by the competent authorities during avian influenza (AI) emergencies in Europe related to highly pathogenic viruses (HPAI) and low pathogenic viruses (LPAI).

To have an overview of the most up-to-date reports on AI in Europe please access the European Food Safety Authority website (EFSA).

Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza (HPAI) in Italy

2016/2019 – H52017/2019 – H5N6

2016/2019 – H5

Since the beginning of November 2016, many European countries have been affected by cases of highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI), caused by H5N8, H5N5 and H5Nx subtype viruses.

10/04/2019 – Today the epidemiological situation in Bulgaria has been updated with three new outbreaks in poultry.

Situation as of 18/06/2018

Summary table >

Summary of the situation for each State as of 18/06/2018

Austria

The first positive result for HPAI H5N8 was identified on 8 November 8th, 2016 in the wild population. On  November 11th the first and unique outbreak was confirmed in poultry, in a turkey farm. To this date, a total of 29 outbreaks (3 in poultry and 26 in wild birds) have been notified.

Belgium

On February 1st, 2017 the first outbreak in Belgium was confirmed. The positive result was identified in a farm of ornamental birds, in the municipality of Lebbeke. On February21st a mute swan (Cygnus olor) was found positive to the HPAI H5N8 virus in the province of Vlaams-Brabant. To date, a total of 17 outbreaks (13 in poultry and 4 in wild birds) have been notified.

Bosnia-Herzegovina

The first positive result for HPAI H5Nx was identified on  February 11th,  2017 in a rural poultry farm of 148 birds in the province of Prijedor. A second outbreak in a zoo was confirmed on  March 2nd. On  March 20th , the first positive result in the wild bird population was identified. To this day, a total of 3 outbreaks have been reported.

Bulgaria

The first positive result for HPAI H5Nx was identified on December 19th, 2016. To date, a total of 74 outbreaks in poultry in seven administrative regions have been notified. Furthermore, 13 outbreaks have been observed in the wild bird population. To this day, 87 outbreaks have been reported.

Croatia

The first positive result for HPAI H5N8 was identified in the wild bird population on November 9th, 2016. The first outbreak in poultry was confirmed in a rural farm on December 29th, 2016. To date, a total of 22 outbreaks, 11 in poultry and 11 in wild animals, have been notified.

Denmark

The first positive result for HPAI H5N8 was identified in the wild population on November 10th, 2016. On November 21st the first and unique outbreak was confirmed in poultry, in a rural mixed-species farm. To date, a total of 53 outbreaks (2 in poultry and 51 in wild birds) have been notified.

Finland

The first positive result for HPAI H5N8 was identified in the wild bird population on November 25th, 2016. On November 30th, the first and unique outbreak was confirmed in poultry in a zoo. To date, a total of 17 outbreaks (1 in poultry and 16 in wild birds) have been notified.

France

The first positive result for HPAI H5N8 was identified in the wild bird population on November 26th, 2016. On November 1st, the first outbreak was confirmed in a duck farm poultry. To date, a total of 504 outbreaks (452 in poultry and 52 in wild birds) have been reported by French authorities.

Germany

The first positive result for HPAI H5N8 was identified in the wild population on November 8th, 2016. On November 11th, the first outbreak was confirmed in a rural poultry farm. On January 24th, 2017, the first HPAI H5N5 outbreaks both in wild animals and in poultry were reported. To date, a total of 292 outbreaks (108 in poultry and 184 in wild birds) have been notified.

Greece

The first positive result for HPAI H5N8 in Greece was observed in the wild bird population on December 19th, 2016. The second positive case was detected in an industrial farm with 28,000 laying hens in the Peloponnese region. On January 27th, 2017 a HPAI H5N5 case was identified in a dead mute swan (Cygnus olor). On March 3rd, 2017 a HPAI H5N6 positivity was identified in a rural farm. To this date, a total of 16 outbreaks (6 in poultry and 10 in wild birds) have been notified.

Ireland

The first positive result for HPAI H5N8 was identified in the wild population on December 30th, 2016. To this date,  a total of 9 outbreaks have been notified in wild birds.

Italy

For information on the Italian epidemiological situation, please visit the page: Avian influenza in Italy: update

Lithuania

The first positive result for HPAI H5N8 was identified in the wild population on February 27th, 2017. To this date, 5 outbreaks have been reported in the wild bird population of Lithuania.

Luxembourg

The first positive result for HPAI H5N8 was identified in poultry on June 1st, 2017. To date, Luxembourg authorities have reported 4 outbreaks both in poultry and in the wild bird population.

Montenegro

The first positive result for HPAI H5N5 was identified in the wild population on December 19th, 2016. To this date, this is the only outbreak to have been reported in Montenegro.

The Netherlands

The first positive result for HPAI H5N8 was identified in the wild bird population on November 10th, 2016. On November 26th, 2016 the first outbreak was confirmed in a duck poultry farm. On December 13th, 2016, two dead tufted ducks (Aythya fuligula) tested positive for HPAI H5N5. To this date, a total of 67 outbreaks (10 in poultry and 57 in wild birds) have been notified.

Poland

The first positive result for HPAI H5N8 was identified in the wild bird population on  November 5th, 2016. On November 3rd, 2016 the first outbreak was confirmed in poultry in a mixed-species farm. To date, a total of 135 outbreaks (64 in poultry and 71 in wild birds) have been notified.

Portugal

On  January 31st, 2017, the first outbreak of HPAI H5N8 in Portugal was reported to the OIE. The positive result was identified in a grey heron (Ardea cinerea) found dead in the municipality of Loulé, in the Algarve region.

United Kingdom

The first positive result for HPAI H5N8 was identified on December 16th, 2016 in poultry in a turkey farm. A second case, in a small rural farm of mixed poultry, was confirmed on January 1st, 2017. To date, a total of 13 outbreaks in poultry and 21 in wild birds have been notified.

Czech Republic

The first positive results for HPAI of the H5 subtype were identified on January 3rd, 2017 in a rural farm of mixed avian species  and in 6 dead wild swans. The first outbreak of subtype H5N5 was notified on February 15th, 2017 in a zoo. To this date, a total of 73 outbreaks (40 in poultry and 33 in wild birds) have been reported.

Republic of Macedonia

The first positive result for HPAI H5N8 was identified, in a rural farm on 30 January 30th, 2017. On 6 February 6th, 2017 a positive result for H5 in 2 mallards was confirmed. To date, 2 outbreaks have been reported in the Republic of Macedonia

Romania

The first positive result for HPAI H5N8 was identified on November 24th, 2016 in the wild bird population. On December 30th,2016 the first positive result in poultry was confirmed in a rural farm. To date, a total of 136 outbreaks (47 in poultry and 89 in wild birds) have been notified.

Serbia

The first positive result for HPAI H5N8 was identified in the wild bird population on December 2nd,2016. On November 10th the first outbreak was confirmed in a rural poultry farm. The first outbreak of HPAI H5N5 virus was notified on March 1st.To this date, a total of 25 outbreaks (4 in poultry and 21 in wild birds) have been notified.

Slovakia

On December 28th,2016 the first positive result for HPAI H5N8 was identified in a rural poultry farm. Another outbreak was confirmed on January 3rd, 2017 in ducks held in a zoo and on January 5th the first outbreak was also reported in wild birds. To this day, a total of 69 outbreaks (10 in poultry and 59 in wild birds) have been notified in Slovakia.

Slovenia

The first positive result for HPAI H5N8 was confirmed on January 4th, 2017 in the wild bird population. The first outbreak of HPAI H5N5 in wild animals was also notified on March 1st, 2017. To this day, 21 outbreaks have been confirmed in wild birds in Slovenia.

Spain

The first positive result for HPAI H5N8 was confirmed in the wild bird population on January 10th, 2017. On February 23rd,2017 the first outbreak of HPAI H5N8 in poultry was notified to the OIE. Two outbreaks were reported in wild birds and 10 in poultry.

Sweden

The first positive result for HPAI H5N8 was identified on November 21st, 2016 in a laying hen farm. On December 22nd the first outbreak in wild birds was confirmed. To this date, a total of 43 outbreaks (6 in poultry and 37 in wild birds) have been notified.

Switzerland

The first positive result for HPAI H5N8 was identified in the wild bird population on November 9th, 2016. To this date, a total of 94 outbreaks have been notified in wild birds and no outbreaks have been reported in poultry.

Hungary

The first positive result for HPAI H5N8 was identified in the wild population on October 26th, 2016. On November 3rd,2016 the first outbreak was confirmed in poultry, in a turkey farm. To date, a total of 311 outbreaks (253 in poultry and 58 in wild birds) have been notified.


Updates after 18/06/2018

Bulgaria (latest update: 10/04/2019)

5 April 2019, the Bulgarian authorities confirmed two cases of HPAI H5N8 in the Plovdiv region. The first case was found in a commercial laying hen farm which housed about 35,000 birds. The second outbreak was registered in a small family farm (37 laying hens). Both positive results were confirmed by the increase in mortality observed on April 3rd. On April 8th another outbreak was identified in a laying hen farm through the surveillance activities implemented after confirmation of the last two cases. This latter farm is located in the same area as the one where the April 3rd outbreak was identified and at the time of the outbreak it housed about 168,752 birds. Both farms had the same owner. The control and eradication measures were implemented in compliance with the European legislation.

2 April 2019, the Bulgarian authorities confirmed a new case of HPAI of the H5 subtype in a duck meat farm for foie gras production located in Yoglav, in the Lovech region. The control and eradication measures were implemented in compliance with the European legislation. The killing of 1,400 birds that were housed in the farm at the time of confirmation is still in progress. In the restriction zones (of 3 and 10 km) around the outbreak area there are six other commercial poultry farms. At the moment the source of infection is still unknown. No wild birds were found dead in the nearby area and no abnormal mortality rates were recorded in other poultry farms.

13 March 2019, the Bulgarian authorities confirmed a new case of HPAI of the H5 subtype in a duck farm located in Lisets, in the Lovech region. The control and eradication measures were implemented in compliance with the European legislation. In the restriction zones (of 3 and 10 km) around the outbreak area there are three other commercial poultry farms. The killing of 3,200 birds that were housed in the farm at the time of confirmation is still in progress. This is the first case of HPAI identified in the Bulgarian territory after almost 3 months. The source of infection is unknown.

December 2018. In this last month Bulgaria has notified two new cases of HPAI H5N8 in the rural sector, the first positive case was confirmed in Straldzha (Jambol), the second in Bregovo (Vidin). Following these two outbreaks, 453 birds have been killed.

17 November 2018, Bulgaria notified four new cases of HPAI H5N8 in poultry. Positive results were confirmed in three commercial and one rural farm in the districts of Haskovo, Plovdiv and Stara Zagora and involved a total of 44,300 animals.

6 November 2018, Bulgaria notified a new case of HPAI H5N8 in poultry. The positive result was confirmed in a duck farm located in the municipality of Dimitrovgrad (Haskovo) and involved about 4,000 animals. Given the rapidly deteriorating situation, the Bulgarian Food Safety Agency implemented a programme to increase control measures for poultry farms, paying particular attention to biosafety and laboratory testing.

5 November 2018. In these last days, the Bulgarian authorities have confirmed five new cases of HPAI H5N8 in poultry. The first positive result was observed a rural farm with 85 birds located in the municipality of Krumovo, in the district of Plovdiv. Other positive results were soon after confirmed in two duck farms in the south of the country (in the villages of Malevo and Garvanovo respectively), involving a total of 13,797 birds. The fourth outbreak was registered in a farm housing 39,000 laying hens in the municipality of Sadovo, in the district of Plovdiv. The last case was detected during surveillance activities in a small rural farm in Voivodovo, a municipality recently affected by AI cases.

18 October 2018, the Bulgarian authorities notified two new cases of HPAI of theH5 subtype in two commercial farms, in the municipality of Voivodovo, in the district of Haskovo, in the south of the Country. Overall a total of 146,000 birds were involved and confirmation was ascertained after observing increase in mortality..

8 October 2018, the Bulgarian authorities notified a new case of HPAI H5N8 in a rural farm, in the municipality of Marica, in the district of Plovdiv, which had recently been involved in AI cases. Positivity was confirmed in 406 birds after observing an increase in mortality.

30 September 2018, the Bulgarian authorities notified a new case of HPAI H5N8 in a laying hen farm, in the municipality of Trilistnik (Plovdiv). A total of 44,063 birds were involved and positivity was confirmed after an increased mortality. Killing of birds and appropriate disinfection activities have been implemented.

17 August 2018, the Bulgarian authorities notified a new case of HPAI H5N8 in a rural farm in the district of Dobrič, in the north-east of the country. Positivity was confirmed in a farm with 62 birds (laying hens, broilers and pigeons) after increase in mortality was observed. Killing of birds and appropriate disinfection activities have been implemented.

2017/2019 – H5N6

Since the beginning of December 2017, Northern Europe has been affected by outbreaks of highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) of the H5N6 subtype virus.

22/01/19 – Today the epidemiological situation in Denmark has been updated with a new outbreak in wildlife.

Summary

Since the beginning of December 2017, Northern Europe has been affected by outbreaks of highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI), supported by an H5N6 subtype virus.

The outbreaks mainly involved wild birds belonging to the families of the Anatidae, Accipitridae and Laridae. The identified viruses seemed to be the result of a reassortment between HPAI H5N8 European viruses and LPAI viruses from the Eurasian region. So far, the mostly affected countries have been Denmark, Finland, Ireland, Sweden, Slovakia, The Netherlands, the United Kingdom, Germany and Switzerland.

The first outbreak associated with this subtype was confirmed on December 8, 2018 in a duck meat farm in the province of Flevoland, in The Netherlands. The Dutch authorities subsequently notified other positive results identified in wild birds and in animals bred in captivity. To date, the other countries have announced finding positive results almost exclusively in wild birds.


Updates

Denmark (latest update: 22/01/2019)

21 January 2019, the Danish authorities notified a new case of HPAI H5N6 from a buzzard (Buteo buteo) found dead near Odsherred, in the east of the country.

14 January 2019, the Danish authorities notified a new case of HPAI H5N6 in wild animals. The sample was taken from a white-tailed (Haliaeetus albicilla) found dead near Naestved, in the region of Zeeland. This is the first positive result for HPAI since last September.

September 2018, the Danish authorities notified two new cases of HPAI H5N6 in wild animals. The birds were a wild goose (Anser anser) and a pheasant (Phasianus colchicus) found in the municipalities of Bandholm and Slagelse, respectively.

21 August 2018, the Danish authorities have notified two new cases of HPAI H5N6 in wild birds in the west of the country. The positive results refer to a mute swan (Cygnus olor) and an eider duck (Somateria mollissima). The latter was found dead with other specimens, mainly of the same species; however, their poor conditions made sampling impossible.

22 June 2018, the Danish authorities notified a new case of HPAI H5N6 in a white tailed eagle (Haliaeetus albicilla) found with evident clinical signs in Herlufmagle, in the east of the country. The bird was euthanized few days later.

15 May 2018, the Danish authorities notified 19 cases of HPAI H5N6 in wild animals, which had occurred in the last two months in different parts of the country. The positive results involved a total of 23 birds found dead (11 Buteo buteo, 5 Haliaeetus albicilla, 2 Corvus cornix, 2 Cygnus olor, 1 Larus argentatus, 1 Larus ridibundusand 1 Phalacrocorax carbo).

2 March 2018, the Danish authorities notified the OIE of a new case of avian influenza (AI) in wild birds. This was the first registered Danish outbreak of HPAI H5N6. The positive result was from a white tailed eagle (Haliaeetus albicilla) found dead near the municipality of Slagelse, in the east of the country.

Finland (lates update : 10/05/2018)

09 May 2018, the Finnish authorities confirmed a new case of HPAI H5N6 in a grey eagle white tailed eagle (Haliaeetus albicilla) found dead in Turku, on the southwest coast of Finland.

25 April 2018, the Finnish authorities notified a new outbreak of HPAI H5N6 in wild animals. The positive result was found in a white tailed eagle (Haliaeetus albicilla) found dead in Sauvo, in the southwest of the country.

29 March 2018, the Finnish authorities notified the first case of HPAI H5N6 in wild animals. The positive result was detected in a white tailed eagle (Haliaeetus albicilla) found in Pargas. The bird was unable to fly and subsequently admitted to a recovery centre, where it was tested for avian influenza. After testing positive, the eagle and the other five birds in the recovery centre were euthanized.

Germany (latest update: 05/09/2018)

4 September 2018, German authorities informed the OIE of a new outbreak of HPAI H5N6 in poultry. Positivity was found in a rural farm located near Wilmar, on the Baltic Sea coast. At the time of confirmation, 113 ducks, 17 broilers and 3 geese were in the farm and culling has already been carried out. This was the fifth German outbreak of HPAI H5N6, the first to be registered after the notification in May 2018.

7 May 2018, the German authorities notified a new case of HPAI H5N6 in a wild animal. The positive result was found in a sample from a buzzard (Buteo buteo) found dead in the city of Vlotho, in North Rhine-Westphalia.

30 April 2018, the German authorities notified a new case of HPAI H5N6 in a wild animal. Positivity was detected in a dead white stork (Ciconia ciconia) found in the town of Damme, in the district of Vechta, in Lower Saxony, north-western Germany. This is the second case of HPAI H5N6 recorded in wild birds in Germany.

22 March 2018, the German authorities notified a new case of HPAI H5N6 in poultry. The positive result was confirmed in a rural farm located on the island of Süderoog, off the north-western German coast. At the time of confirmation, there were 44 meat chickens, 19 ducks, 7 geese and 3 turkeys. Restriction measures were put in place and the epidemiological investigation started. Culling was carried out. This is the first German positive result for HPAI H5N6 confirmed in poultry.

8 January 2018, the German authorities notified the OIE of a new outbreak of AI in wild animals. This is the first German outbreak of HPAI H5N6. Positivity was detected in a sample from a dead wild ducks found in Dachau.

Ireland (latest update: 19/03/2018)

16 March 2018, the Irish authorities communicated to the OIE a new case of HPAI H5N6 in wild animals. The positive result was found in a white tailed eagle (Haliaeetus albicilla) found dead in the lake of Lough Derg, in the same county where the previous HPAI H5N6 outbreaks in wild animals had been confirmed.

12 March 2018, the Irish authorities communicated a new case of HPAI H5N6 in wild animals. Positivity was detected in a dead buzzard (Buteo buteo) found in the county of Tipperary, where an HPAI H5N6 outbreak had been confirmed in wild animals the month before.

9 February 2018, the Irish authorities informed the OIE of a new case of HPAI H5N6 in wild animals. The positive result was confirmed on February 8th, 2018 in the county of Tipperary, in Lehinch, after finding one dead white tailed eagle (Haliaeetus albicilla) on January 31st. This is the first positive result of H5N6 registered in Ireland and to date the only reported case for this subtype.

The Netherlands (latest update: 05/09/2018)

3 September 2018, the Dutch authorities notified a new case of HPAI H5N6 in wild animals. Positivity was detected in a dead mallard duck (Anas platyrhynchos) found in Blaricum, in the north of the country. The last time the virus had been isolated in the Netherlands was in March 2018.

23 March 2018, the Dutch authorities notified two new cases of HPAI H5N6 in wild animals. The first positive result refers to a buzzard (Buteo buteo) found dead in Stavenisse, in the province of Zeeland. The second case was confirmed in Westernieland (Groningen) and detected in a peregrine falcon (Falco peregrinus).

13 March 2018, the Dutch authorities confirmed a new case of HPAI H5N6 in a duck meat farm in Kamperveen, in the province of Overijssel. The killing of about 29,000 animals was carried out. Protection and surveillance zones (3 and 10 km, respectively) were established. In the protection zone there are four farms, one of which located at 1 km from the outbreak that will be subjected to the preventive killing of animals. The other three structures tested negative for HPAI.

27 February 2018, the Dutch authorities communicated to the OIE one outbreak of HPAI H5N6 in poultry and one in wild animals. The first positive result referred to a commercial poultry farm in the province of Groningen. About 36,000 animals were in the farm at the time of confirmation, on February 25th, 2018, all of which were culled. Protection and surveillance zones, of 3 and 10 km respectively, were established. Movement control measures within one kilometre from the outbreak, where there are no commercial farms, were implemented. All farms located in the protection zone were tested for AI, with negative results. The second positive case was found in a dead greater scaup (Aythya marila) found near the IJsselmeer lake (Noord-Holland). To the present, the Netherlands have notified a total of 10 HPAI H5N6 outbreaks (4 in poultry and 6 in wild birds).

24 January 2018, the Dutch authorities notified the OIE of three new outbreaks of HPAI H5N6: two in wild animals and one in poultry. The first positive results were confirmed in four dead wild mute swans (Cygnus olor) found in the province of Gelderland, where positivity had already been observed in wild animals the month before. The second positive results were identified in two wild gulls (Larus marinus and Larus ridibundus) in the province of Noord-Holland. The third outbreak affected 32 birds of different species, bred in captivity in the province of Zuid-Holland.

22 December 2017, the Dutch authorities informed the OIE of one outbreak of AI in wild birds and one in poultry, both of the H5N6 subtype. The first positive result referred to a mute swan (Cygnus olor) found dead in the province of Gelderland. The second outbreak was registered in the province of Flevoland, in the same place where the duck meat farm had tested positive for HPAI H5N6 on December 8th, 2017. The 58 animals involved had all been bred in captivity.

10 December 2017, the Dutch authorities communicated to the OIE an outbreak of HPAI H5N6 in a duck meat farm in the province of Flevoland. Phylogenetic analyses showed that the new isolated virus was generated by a reassortment event between European HPAI H5N8 viruses (clade 2.3.4.4) and Eurasian LPAI viruses. Its introduction seems to have occurred during the migration of wild birds in autumn 2017. Following confirmation on December 8th, the protection and surveillance zones, of 3 and 10 km respectively, were established. Animals were culled. On December 15th, the Dutch authorities communicated two new HPAI H5N6 outbreaks to the OIE. Positive results were obtained from samples of dead wild swans (Cygnus olor) found in the wetlands near Elburg and Hulshorst (Gelderland).

United Kingdom (latest update: 19/06/2018)

15 June 2018, the English authorities notified a new case of HPAI H5N6 in a wild goose (Anser anser) found dead in a natural park near the municipality of Armagh, in Northern Ireland. The genomic analysis revealed a high homology with the virus isolated in the buzzard (Buteo buteo) found dead in Northern Ireland in late March.

3 April 2018 the United Kingdom notified a new outbreak of HPAI H5N6 in wild birds. The positive results were confirmed in two buzzards (Buteo buteo) found dead in Suffolk County, where another outbreak of AI had been confirmed the previous month.

23 March 2018, the United Kingdom confirmed a new case of HPAI H5N6 in a buzzard (Buteo buteo) found dead in Antrim, Northern Ireland. The positive birds was found in the framework of surveillance activities in wild birds.

1 March 2018, the United Kingdom communicated to the OIE 6 new cases of HPAI H5N6 in wild birds. Positive results were confirmed on subjects found dead in six different counties in the south of the country. Ten birds were involved: three buzzards (Buteo buteo), two mute swans (Cygnus olor), a goshawk (Accipiter gentilis), two pheasants (Phasianus colchicus) and two wild geese (Anser anser). To this day, the United Kingdom has notified a total of 18 HPAI H5N6 outbreaks, all in wild birds.

14 February 2018, the English authorities notified the OIE of a new case of HPAI H5N6 in wild birds. This result was confirmed in a sample from a mute swan (Cygnus olor) found dead in a natural park in the county of Oxfordshire.

5 February 2018, the English authorities communicated to the OIE five new cases of HPAI H5N6 in wild birds. Positive results were identified in the counties of Surrey, Hertfordshire, Berkshire and Warwickshire. Ten birds were involved (7 Cygnus olor, 1 Aythya fuligula and 2 unidentified birds). To this day, the United Kingdom has notified a total of 11 outbreaks of the new HPAI H5N6.

29 January 2018, the English authorities communicated to the OIE three new cases of HPAI H5N6 in wild birds. These results were confirmed on birds found dead in natural parks. The first outbreak was identified in the county of Greater London and involved two mute swans (Cygnus olor). The second case affected a tufted duck (Aythya fuligula) found in Wakefield, West Yorkshire. The third epidemic wave was confirmed in Rutland county and involved 8 mallards (Anas platyrhynchos) and 1 waterhen (Gallinula chloropus).

22 January 2018, another case of HPAI H5N6 was reported in wild birds. Positive results were identified in 19 birds (Anatidae and Laridae) found dead in a natural reserve in Hertfordshire.

17 January 2018, the English authorities communicated to the OIE a new outbreak of HPAI H5N6 in wild animals. Sixty-eight (68) birds were found dead in a natural park in Warwickshire county. Among the species involved, 5 tufted ducks (Aythya fuligula), 1 great crested grebe (Podiceps cristatus), 1 herring gull (Larus argentatus) and 6 great black-backed gulls (Larus marinus).

10 January 2018, the English authorities notified the OIE of a new outbreak of HPAI in wild birds. The birds involved were 3 mute swans (Cygnus olor), found dead in Dorset county, in the south of England. This is the first case of H5N6 confirmed in the United Kingdom.

Slovakia (latest update: 30/03/2018)

29 March 2018, the Slovak authorities notified a new outbreak of HPAI H5N6 in wild birds. The positive result was found in a dead gull (Larus ridibundus) found near Trnava, in the Zlín Region of the Czech Republic. This is the first case of HPAI H5N6 in Slovakia and to date the only one caused by this subtype.

Sweden (last update: 06/06/2018)

5 June 2018, the Swedish authorities notified a new case of HPAI H5N6 in a wild white-tailed eagle (Haliaeetus albicilla) found dead near the municipality of Nyköping, in the south of the country.

25 May 2018, the Swedish authorities notified a new case of HPAI H5N6 in a dead wild white-tailed eagle (Haliaeetus albicilla) found near the municipality of Mönsterås, in the south of the country.

9 May 2018, the Swedish authorities notified two new cases of HPAI H5N6 in wild birds. The positive results were observed in 5 white-tailed eagles (Haliaeetus albicilla) found dead in the south of the country.

26 April 2018, the Swedish authorities communicated to the OIE three new outbreaks of HPAI H5N6 in wild animals. The first positive result was identified in the county of Scania, in the town of Bromolla. On March 29th, clinical signs were observed in a buzzard (Buteo buteo), which died before arriving at the recovery centre. The second positive result was confirmed in a white-tailed eagle (Haliaeetus albicilla) found dead on April 9th, near the town of Bromolla, in the county of Scania. The third positive result was found in a dead northern goshawk (Accipiter gentilis) found on April 9th in the town of Mörrum, in the county of Blekinge.

6 April 2018, the Swedish authorities notified a new outbreak of HPAI H5N6 in wild birds. The positive result was found in a white-tailed eagle (Haliaeetus albicilla) found dead in Sölvesborg, in the south of the country.

16 March 2018, the Swedish authorities notified a new case of HPAI H5N6 in poultry. The positive case was confirmed in a rural farm in Östhammer, in the county of Uppsala. At the time of confirmation, there were 105 birds (28 hens, 11 turkeys, 22 pheasants, 40 pigeons, 3 quails and 1 goose) housed in the farm. Protection and surveillance zones were defined, in an area with no other commercial poultry farms. This is the first Swedish positive result for HPAI H5N6 confirmed in poultry.

14 March 2018, the Swedish authorities communicated to the OIE a new case of HPAI H5N6 in wild animals. The positive results were confirmed in a buzzard (Buteo buteo) found dead in the county of Blekinge, in the south of the country, in the same area where an HPAI outbreak in wild animals had been confirmed the month before.

20 February 2018, the Swedish authorities notified a new case of avian influenza in wild animals to the OIE. This is the first Swedish outbreak of HPAI H5N6. The positive result was confirmed in a white-tailed eagle (Haliaeetus albicilla) showing clinical signs on January 28th, which was found in the town of Eriksberg, Karlshamn, in the county of Blekinge Län. The bird died on February 1st and was transported to the laboratory for analyses on February 13th. On February 19th the HPAI H5N6 positive result was confirmed.

Switzerland (latest update: 05/02/2018)

29 December 2017, the Swiss authorities notified the OIE the first outbreak of HPAI H5N6. The positive result was confirmed in a wild mute swan (Cygnus olor) found dead in Erlach, on Lake Biel.

Low Pathogenic Avian Influenza (LPAI) in Italy

2019

2019

France

14/10/2019 – On 9 October, the French Veterinary Authorities notified an LPAI H5 outbreak in poultry. The positivity regards a free-range farm in Marolle-en-Sologne, housing about 2,600 mallards at the time of confirmation. The hosted birds were intended for hunting in a natural environment. The virus was detected on 3 October, as part of the official planned surveillance, without any clinical signs. Mandatory control measures have been already applied. Culling procedures are ongoing. Further information will be provided as soon as possible.

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Istituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale delle Venezie
Viale dell'Università 10, 35020 Legnaro (PD)
Tel: +39 049 8084211 | Fax: +39 049 8830178
E-mail: comunicazione@izsvenezie.it
PEC: izsvenezie@legalmail.it
VAT: 00206200289